Fire Resistance and Response Tests

Fire Resistance Tests

Within the scope of the harmonization efforts with the European Union in our country, there are radical changes in many areas. One of these areas is the construction sector. In this context, new classifications and approaches adopted in the European Union countries regarding the fire resistance performances of building elements have been adapted to the legal regulations of our country. Within this framework, a significant change has been experienced in the field of fire safety in our building materials sector.

In fact, in developed countries there are serious legal regulations and local standards on fire safety measures for building materials. These principles aim to minimize fire risks. It also provides guidance on the conditions under which appropriate and effective measures can be provided to companies producing building materials. In fact, most of the legal regulations on fire safety measures of countries are related to building materials and building elements.

However, each country's evaluation of building materials and components within their own legal regulations and local standards has led to the emergence of different standards, classification methods and evaluation criteria for each country. Therefore, 89 / 106 / EEC Building Materials Directive has been published in order to regulate the different approaches emerging between the European Union countries and to ensure the free movement of building materials among the member countries. This directive provides a general approach to building materials and building elements.

This directive is one of the more than twenty product groups established within the framework of the new approach directives applied in the European Union countries. The Construction Products Directive contains six basic requirements. In order of importance, these requirements are as follows:

  • Mechanical strength and stability
  • Safety in case of fire
  • Hygiene, health and environment
  • Operating safety
  • Protection against noise
  • Energy saving and heat conservation

These include five sub-requirements for safety in case of fire. The first of these sub-requirements is that the load-bearing capacity of the built structure does not decrease for a certain period of time, ie fire resistance and waste resistance. Resistance performance or fire resistance performance in the European Union countries and in our country is an important issue in this respect and fire resistance tests performed in authorized laboratories aim to increase the fire resistance of building materials.

The classes for fire resistance performance of building materials are described in the decision 2000 / 2000 / EC published in 367. This classification is contained in the EN 13501-2, EN 13501-3 and EN 13501-4 standards issued by the European Committee for Standardization (CEN).

In Turkey, these standards have been published by Turkish Standards Institute (TSE) under the following headings:

  • TS EN 13501-1 Construction products and building elements, fire classification - Part 1: Classification using data from behavior tests against fire
  • TS EN 13501-2 ... Section 2: Classification using data obtained from fire resistance tests (excluding ventilation installations)
  • TS EN 13501-3 ... Section 3: Classification using data from fire resistance tests on products and components used in building service installations: Fire resistant air ducts and fire dampers
  • TS EN 13501-4 ... Section 4: Classification using data from fire resistance tests on components of smoke control systems
  • TS EN 13501-5: 2016 ... Section 5: Classification of roofs using data from exposure to external fires
  • TS EN 13501-6 ... Section 6: Classification using data from the reactions of fire tests on electrical cables
  • TS EN 1634-1 Fire resistance tests-Doors and shutters-Part 1: Fire doors and shutters
    This standard specifies a method for the determination of fire resistance of doors and doors designed for installation in openings in vertical separation elements.
  • TS EN 16034 Pedestrian door sets, industrial, commercial, garage doors and opening windows - Product standard, performance and features angFire resistance and / or smoke control features
  • TS EN 14351-1 + A1 Windows and doors - Product standard, performance characteristics - Part 1: Windows and exterior doors ready for pedestrian passage - Without fire resistance and / or smoke leakage
  • TS EN 1191 Windows and doors - Resistance to repeated opening and closing - Test method
  • TS EN 1634-3 Fire resistance tests - Doors and shutters - part 3: Smoke control doors and shutters
  • TS EN 1634-1 - Fire Resistance Tests - Integrity (E), Insulation (I1 or I2), Radiation (W) values ​​for Fire Doors and Shutters are evaluated and classification is made in minutes for the product's fire resistance classification.
  • TS EN 1366-4 + A1 - Fire Resistance Tests for Service Installation - Linear Connection Gaskets tests are carried out as fire resistance tests for walls and linear joint gaskets and the test classification is according to TS EN 13501-2 standard Integrity (E), Insulation (I1 or I2) ), Radiation (W) according to the values ​​of the special test is carried out.
  • TS EN 81-58 - Fire Resistance Tests for Elevator Floor Doors

The following basic criteria are used to determine the strength performance of a building material against:

  • Load-bearing capacity: The ability to maintain structural stability, ie stability, for a certain period of time when a building material is exposed to fire.
  • Integrity: Hot gas and flame proofing strength when a building material is exposed to fire.
  • Insulation: The strength of a building material to withstand the temperature rise on the exposed surface when exposed to fire.

In our country, within the framework of the harmonization studies, the Construction Materials Regulation was issued by the Ministry of Environment and Urbanization in line with the Construction Materials Regulation No. 305 / 2011 / EU published in the European Union countries. This regulation regulates the basic properties of construction materials, performance declarations and the principles for the CE marking on construction materials. These tests are mainly used for a wide range of products such as fire doors, fire protection walls, metal doors, polystyrene doors, fire barriers, other doors, windows, insulation materials, building materials, thermal insulation materials, industrial products, ornaments, accessories and plasters used in the building. it is applied.

Our company conducts fire resistance tests of all kinds of industrial products, cables and similar building materials and building elements in accordance with local and foreign legal regulations and related standards.