Skin Tests

Skin Tests

The first people tried to protect them by wrapping the skins of the animals they hunt. After this usage, which was the first examples of shoes, leather became one of the basic materials used as shoe and clothing material to date. No matter how much synthetic materials develop, leather products still remain attractive.

The basic raw material of leather production is the raw hides obtained by swimming animals. Although the physical properties of raw hides vary depending on which animal they are derived from, the chemical properties are generally the same. However, raw hides cannot be used in this way without some processing. These operations are called tanning operations.

When we look at the chemical structure of the raw skin, it is composed of 64 percent water and 33 percent protein. The remainder is oil, minerals, salt and other substances.

The main factors affecting the structure of the raw skin are: the species, age, sex, feeding and care conditions of the animal, the climatic characteristics of the animal and its diseases. If there are some problems in the skin due to the mistakes made while the raw skin is taken from the period that the animal lives or after being cut, this situation is seen on the processed leather and decreases the quality of the skin.

The properties that make leather preferred in the textile sector are: natural, healthy, durable, flexible, water-absorbing, waterproof, water vapor permeable (breathable), sewable and high resistance to seam tear.

The material used in the market, called artificial leather, does not have any similarity with the natural leather. It is called artificial leather because it is intended to replace natural leather.

The current legal regulations and standards published by many national and international organizations are taken into consideration in textile analysis studies. In line with the needs of enterprises, our company also conducts leather tests within the framework of textile analysis.

In the meantime, our organization, TS EN ISO / IEC 17025 Test and Calibration Laboratories in accordance with the General Requirements for the standard, From ÖSAS Accreditation Agency has been accredited and serves within this framework.