ASTM E119 Building Construction and Fire Testing of Materials

ASTM E119 Building Construction and Fire Testing of Materials

EUROLAB Laboratory for Construction Materials applies Standard Test Methods for Building Construction and Fire Tests of Materials in its laboratory and performs testing service. It is designed to showcase the feature.

The test exposes a tested sample to a controlled standard fire to achieve certain temperatures over a period of time. Fire exposure, as required, is monitored by the application of a specific standard fire hose flow applied in accordance with Application E2226. The test provides a relative measure of the fire test response of similar structural members under these fire exposure conditions. Exposure does not represent all fire conditions as the conditions vary with changes in the fire loading quantity, structure and distribution, ventilation, chamber size and configuration, and the nature and distribution of the chamber's heat-absorbing properties. Changes due to test conditions or test sample structure such as size, materials, mounting method also affect the fire test response. For these reasons, it is necessary to evaluate variation in practice for on-site construction.

The test standard provides:

For walls, partitions and floor or roof test specimens:

  • Measurement of heat conduction.
  • Measurement of the hot gas delivery through the test sample.
  • For load bearing elements, the measurement of the load carrying capacity of the test specimen at the test exposure.

For individual load bearing elements such as beams and pillars:

  • Measurement of load-bearing capability in the event of exposure to the test (limited or unrestricted) taking into account the latest support conditions.

The test standard does not provide:

  • Information on the performance of test samples constructed with components or lengths other than those tested.
  • Evaluation of the degree to which the test specimen contributes to fire, hazard, smoke, toxic gases or other combustion products.
  • Smoke or combustion products throughout the test sample transitionmeasurement of degree of control or limitation.
  • Flooring wall or wall wall and so on. Building elements, etc. Simulation of fire behavior of joints between joints.
  • Flame measurement on the surface of test specimens.
  • The fire resistance of conventional openings in the test specimen, i.e. electrical sockets, plumbing pipe, etc., unless specifically provided for the structure under test. See also Test Method E814 for testing fire stops.

ASTM E 119 Standard Scope

1.1 The test methods described in this fire test response standard can be applied to the assemblies of wall units and the assembly of structural materials for buildings including load bearing and other walls and partitions, columns, beams, beams, boards and composite board. Beam assemblies for floors and roofs. It can also be applied to other assemblies and building units that form permanent integral parts of a finished building.

1.2 Classifications are intended to show comparative performance to specific fire test conditions over the exposure period and not be deemed designated for use under other conditions or after exposure to fire.

1.3  This standard is used to measure and describe the reaction of materials, products or groups to heat and flame under controlled conditions, but does not include all the factors necessary for fire hazard or fire risk assessment of materials, products or groups under their own.

1.4 These test methods provide a standard fire exposure for comparing test results of building construction assemblies. The results of these tests are a factor in evaluating the predicted fire performance of building construction and assemblies. Application of these test results to predict actual building construction performance requires evaluation of test conditions.

Values ​​specified in 1.5 inch-pound units are considered standard. Values ​​given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

1.6  This standard does not claim to resolve all security concerns, if any, related to its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health and environmental practices and to determine the applicability of legal restrictions prior to use.

1.7 The text of this International Standard deals with notes and footnotes that provide explanatory material. These notes and footnotes (except those in tables and figures) will not be accepted as requirements of the standard.

1.8  This international standard has been developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles of standardization as set out in the International Standards, Guidelines and Recommendations Decision published by the World Trade Organization's Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.


Reference Standards for ASTM E119

ASTM Standards

Test Method for Indentation Hardness of C569 Preformed Thermal Insulations

D6513 Standard Load Calculation Application on Wooden Frame Walls for Fire Resistance Tests

E176 Fire Standards Terminology

E177 Application Regarding the Use of Precision and Misconceptions in ASTM Test Methods

A Collaborative Execution Practice to Determine the Sensitivity of the E691 Test Method

E814 Test Method for Fire Tests of Penetration Fire Stop Systems

E2226 Hose Tea Application Application

ASTM E 119 tests are generally requested for the following subjects.

Beams and Columns - Building Design and Construction - Building Products - Building Structures - Ceilings - Fire Test - Flame Retardant - Flooring and Floor Covering Systems