ASTM E84 Building Materials Flammability Test Laboratory

ASTM E84 Building Materials Flammability Test Laboratory

EUROLAB Laboratory performs testing activities according to ASTM E84 Standard Test Method for Surface Combustion Characteristics of Building Materials in American standards.

This test method is intended to provide comparative measurements of surface flame propagation and smoke density measurements made with oak and fiber-cement board surfaces only to a certain degree under the specific fire exposure conditions described herein.

This test method reveals a 20-inch long, 24-ft nominal (7.32-m) value. (508 mm), a controlled air stream wide specimen and select 5 grade Flame fire exposure adjustable for a flame spread over the entire length of the scrub oak specimen 1 / 2  min.

  • This test method does not provide:
  • Measurement of heat conduction from the surface being tested.
  • The effect of the aggravated flame emits the behavior of a device resulting from the proximity of flammable walls and ceilings.
  • Classification or identification of a material as combustible by means of a flame spread index.

ASTM E 84 Standard Scope

1.1 This fire test-response standard for comparative surface burning behavior of building materials can be applied to open surfaces such as walls and ceilings. The test is performed with the specimen in the ceiling position, with the surface to be treated facing downwards to the ignition source. The material, product or assembly can be mounted in the test position during the test. Therefore, the specimen must either be self-supporting with its own structural quality, be held in place with additional supports along the test surface, or fixed from the back.

1.2 The purpose of this test method is to determine the relative combustion behavior of the material by observing the flame spread over the sample. Flame spread and smoke development index is reported. However, there is not necessarily a relationship between these two measurements.

1.3 The use of support materials under the test specimen has the ability to lower the flame spread index from those that can be obtained if the specimen can be tested without such support. These test results are not necessarily related to indices obtained by test materials without such support.

1.4 Testing materials that melt, drip or delaminate in such a way that the continuity of the flame front is destroyed results in low flame spread indices that are not directly related to indices obtained by testing materials that remain in place.

Values ​​specified in 1.5 inch-pound units are considered standard. Values ​​given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

1.6 The text of this standard refers to notes and footnotes that provide explanatory information. These notes and footnotes, except those in tables and figures, will not be accepted as requirements of the standard.

1.7  This standard is used to measure and describe the reaction of materials, products or groups to heat and flame under controlled conditions, but does not include all the factors necessary for the assessment of fire hazard or fire risk of materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions.

1.8  This standard does not claim to address all safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety, health and environmental practices and to determine the applicability of legal restrictions prior to use.

1.9  Fire testing is inherently dangerous. Adequate security measures will be taken for personnel and property in the implementation of these tests.

1.10  This international standard has been developed in accordance with internationally recognized principles on standardization as set out in the International Standards, Guidelines and Recommendations issued by the World Trade Organization's Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Committee.

Reference Standards for ASTM E 84

  • ASTM Standards
  • A390 Zinc Coated (Galvanized) Steel Wing Fence Fabric (Hexagonal and Straight Line) Specification
  • C1186 Specification for Flat Fiber-Cement Boards
  • C1288 Specification for Fiber Cement Inner Surface Sheets
  • C1396 / C1396M Specifications for Drywall
  • D4442 Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood Based Materials
  • Test Method for Laboratory Standardization and Calibration of D4444 Handheld Moisture Meters
  • E69 Test Method for Flammable Properties of Wood Treated with Fire Tube Apparatus
  • E160 Cradle Test Test Method for Flammable Properties of 3 Treated Wood
  • E162 Test Method for Surface Flammability of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
  • E176 Fire Standards Terminology
  • Test Method for Surface Flammability of Building Materials Using E286 8-ft (2.44-m) Tunnel Furnace
  • E2231 Sample Preparation and Installation of Pipe and Duct Insulation Materials to Evaluate Surface Burning Characteristics
  • E2404 Application for Sample Preparation and Assembly of Textile, Paper or Polymeric (including Vinyl) and Wooden Wall or Ceiling Coverings, Coatings and Coatings to Evaluate Surface Burning Characteristics
  • E2573 Sample Preparation and Assembly Application of Field Production Stretch Systems to Evaluate Surface Burning Characteristics
  • E2579 Sample Preparation and Assembly Application of Wooden Products to Evaluate Surface Burning Characteristics
  • E2599 Sample Application for Preparation and Installation of Reflective Insulation, Radiant Barrier and Vinyl Stretch Ceiling Materials in Building Applications to Evaluate Surface Burning Characteristics
  • E2688 Sample Preparation and Installation of Bands to Evaluate Surface Burning Characteristics
  • E2690 Sample Preparation and Installation Application of Caulks and Sealing Materials to Evaluate Surface Burning Characteristics
  • E2768 Test Method for Long Term Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials (30 min Tunnel Test)
  • E2988 Sample Preparation and Installation Application of Flexible Glazed Glass Insulation to Evaluate Surface Burning Characteristics in Metal Structures