DIN 4102 German Standards Fire Resistance Tests

DIN Fire Resistance Tests

DIN 4102-1 Fire behavior of building materials and elements Section 1: Classification of building materials Requirements and tests

Under certain conditions, when a building material is exposed to fire, its behavior against fire by breaking down determines the reaction of that material to fire at the same time. The fireproof class is determined according to the reaction of the building material to fire.

This standard defines fire behavior classes for building materials and specifies requirements and test methods for each class

Products Scope

Sheet materials (including plate and sheet)

fabrics

Composite materials

Insulation

Material groups

coatings

Pipes and fittings

curtains

Decorative materials

Fire Retardants

Other materials hanging from the ceiling

Beds

Textile products

Construction materials

 

4102-1 fire test to DIN building material - Test Method 

When the fire behavior of the material is determined in accordance with the standard, it is explained to: 

Building material class

Ration

Class A

A1

Fireproof materials

A2

class B

B1

Not easily flammable

B2

flammable

B3

Easily flammable

 

DIN 4102-1: Class A

A1: Materials can be classified as A1 materials, if any:

  • Passes specified test according to standard corresponding parts
  • Meets requirements for A2 class materials

A2: Materials can be classified as A2 class if:

  • Passes specified test according to standard corresponding parts
  • The test passes the specified DIN 4102-16

 

      DIN 4102-1: Class B

B1: All materials except flooring can be classified as B1 materials.

  • Based on the tests specified in DIN 4102-16, use the 'Brandschacht' apparatus specified in DIN 4102-15.
  • Meets the requirements for B2 class materials.

B2: Materials can be classified as B2 materials.

  • Passes specified test according to standard corresponding parts
  • When the flooring materials meet the requirements of class Tb, at least as in DIN 66081, the material class can be allocated to the B2.

B3: Flammable materials which cannot be classified as B1 or B2 materials shall be classified as B3 materials.

Fire test to DIN 4102-1 building material - Reference Standard

DIN 4102-2: Fire behavior of building materials and elements - Building components - Concepts, requirements and tests

DIN 4102-4: Fire behavior of building materials and elements - General appearance and design of classified building materials, elements and components

DIN 4102-8: Fire behavior of building materials and elements - Small scale test furnace

DIN 4102-14: Fire behavior of building materials and elements - Determination of combustion behavior of flooring systems using radiant heat source

DIN 4102-15: Fire behavior of building materials and elements - 'Brandschacht' apparatus

DIN 4102-16: Fire behavior of building materials and elements - 'Brandschacht' tests

DIN 18180: Gypsum board - Types, requirements and tests

DIN 50014: Artificial climates in technical applications - Standard atmospheres

DIN 50050-1: Small cabinets for testing the combustion behavior of materials

DIN 50051 Burners for testing combustion behavior of materials

DIN 50055 Light measuring system for testing smoke development

DIN 51622 Propane, propene, butane, butene and mixtures - Requirements

DIN 51900-2 Determination of gross calorific value of solid and liquid fuels using bomb calorimeter and calculation of calorific value - Method using isothermal jacket

DIN 51900-3 Determination of the gross calorific value of solid and liquid fuels using the bomb calorimeter and calculation of the calorific value - Method using the adiabatic jacket

DIN 53436-1: Toxicity test of fire waste - Determination of combustion apparatus and test temperature

DIN 53436-2: Fire toxicity test - Thermal decomposition method

DIN 53436-3: Toxicity test of fire waste - Method for testing inhalation toxicity

DIN 53438-1: Determination of the reaction of flammable materials to a small flame ignition - General

DIN 66081: Classification of combustion behavior of textile products - Textile floor coverings

IS0 1716: 1973 Building materials - determination of calorific potential

IS0 4783-2: 1989 Industrial wire screens and wire woven fabric - selection of hole size and wire diameter combinations guide - Part 2: preferred combinations for wire woven fabric

DIN 4102-1 fire test for building material - Similar standard

EN ISO 11925-2: Response to Ignition Tests - Flammability of construction products directly exposed to flame - Part 2: Single flame welding test

EN 13501-1: Fire classification of construction products and structural elements - Part 1: Classification of data from fire to reaction tests

NF P 92 - 501: Safety against fire - Building materials - Reaction to fire tests - Radiation test for rigid materials. or materials on hard substrates of all thicknesses (upholstery and varnishes). and 5 mm thicker for flexible materials

NF P 92 - 503: Safety against fire - Building materials - Reaction to fire tests. Electrical burner test used for flexible materials

BS 476: fire testing of building materials and structures

GB 8624: Classification for combustion behavior of building materials and products

GB 20286: Requirements and indications for the fire behavior of fire retardant products and subgroups in the public sphere.

Railway fire tests

DIN-5510 2 
2009-05

Preventive fire protection in railway vehicles - Part 2: Fire behavior of materials and components and fire side effects - Classification, requirements and test methods

Testing of seats on railways for public transport 
Determination of fire behavior with paper mat

Annex C: Determination of toxicity of fire wastes

EN-45545 2 
2016-02

Railway applications - Fire protection in railway vehicles - Part 2: Requirements for fire behavior of materials and components

Appendix B: Fever test method for sitting

Annex C: Test methods for the determination of toxic gases in railway products

DIN 54341 
1988-01

Testing seats on railways for public traffic; Determination of combustion behavior with a paper pad ignition source

DIN 54837 
2007-12

Testing of materials, small components and component parts for rail vehicles 
Determination of combustion behavior using gas burners

DIN-53438 1 
1984-06

Testing of flammable materials; reaction to ignition with a small flame; General data

DIN-53438 2 
1984-06

Testing of flammable materials; reaction to ignition with a small flame; edge firing

DIN-53438 3 
1984-06

Testing of flammable materials; reaction to ignition with a small flame; surface firing

EN-1021 1 
2014-10

Furniture - assessment of flammability of upholstered furniture - Part 1: Burning cigarette for ignition source

EN-1021 2 
2014-10

Furniture - Assessment of flammability of upholstered furniture - Part 2: Flame equivalent to ignition source mapping

DIN EN ISO 4589-2 
2006-06

Plastics - Determination of combustion behavior by oxygen index - Part 2: Ambient temperature test

DIN EN 60695-2-11 
VDE 0471-2-11 
2014-11

Fire hazard test - Part 2-11: Glowing / hot wire based test methods - Burning flame combustion test method for end products (GWEPT)

DIN EN 60695-11-10 
VDE 0471-11-10 
2014-10

Fire hazard test - Part 11-10: Test flames - 50 W horizontal and vertical flame test methods

DIN EN ISO 1182 
2010-10

Fire test reactions for products - Flammability test

DIN EN ISO 1716 
2010-11

Reaction to fire tests for products - Determination of gross heat of combustion (calorific value)

DIN EN ISO 12952-2 
2011-01

Textiles - Assessment of flammability of bedding materials - Part 2: Source of ignition: matching flame equivalent

DIN EN ISO 5659-2 
2013-03

Plastics - Smoke production - Part 2: Determination of optical density by single chamber test

DIN EN ISO 9239-1 
2010-11

Reaction to fire tests for floors - Part 1: Determination of combustion behavior using radiant heat source

ISO-5658 2 
2006-09

Reaction to fire tests - Flame spread - Part 2: Lateral spread in building and transport products in vertical configuration

ISO-5660 1 
2015-03

Reaction to ignition tests - Heat dissipation, smoke generation and mass loss rate - Part 1: Heat dissipation rate (cone calorimeter method) and smoke production rate (dynamic measurement)

DIN EN ISO 
11925-2 2011-02

Reaction to fire tests - Flammability of products directly exposed to flame - Part 2: Single flame welding test

ISO / EN 9705-2 
2001-05

Reaction to reaction tests - Full-scale chamber tests for surface products - Part 2: Technical background and guidance

Fire test of railway vehicles according to UIC

UIC 564-2 Additional 4 
1991-01

Test method for determining fire resistance of non-rigid thermoplastic materials

UIC 564-2 Additional 5 
1991-01

Test method for determining fire resistance of uncoated coated textiles

UIC 564-2 Additional 6 
1991-01

Test method for determining the fire resistance of rubber door and window seals

UIC 564-2 Additional 7 
1991-01

Test method for determining the fire resistance of materials by measuring oxygen number

UIC 564-2 Additional 8 
1991-01

Test method for determining the fire resistance of foam materials

UIC 564-2 Additional 10 
1991-01

Test method for determining fire resistance of interconnected crossover rubber flanges

UIC 564-2 Additional 11 
1991-01

Test method for determining the fire resistance of rigid thermoplastic materials

UIC 564-2 Additional 12 
1991-01

Test method for determining fire resistance of floor coverings

UIC 564-2 Additional 13 
1991-01

Test method for determining fire resistance of seats

UIC 564-2 Additional 15 
1991-01

Test method for determining the deterioration of visibility due to smoke released by combustion of materials

Electrical Engineering Fire Test of Plastics and Materials

DIN EN ISO 4589-2 
2006-06

Plastics - Determination of combustion behavior by oxygen index - Part 2: Ambient temperature test

DIN EN 60695-2-10 
VDE 0471-2-10 
2014-04

Fire hazard test - Part 2-10: Glowing / hot wire based test methods - Glow wire apparatus and common test procedure

DIN EN 60695-2-11 
VDE 0471-2-11 
2014-11

Fire hazard test - Part 2-11: Glowing / hot wire based test methods - Burning flame combustion test method for end products (GWEPT)

DIN EN 60695-2-12 
VDE 0471-2-12 
2015-01

Fire hazard testing - Part 2-12: Glowing / hot wire based test methods - Glow flame ignition index (GWFI) test method for materials

DIN EN 60695-2-13 
VDE 0471-2-13 
2015-01

Fire hazard test - Part 2-13: Glowing / hot wire based test methods - Glow ignition temperature (GWIT) test method for materials

DIN EN 60695-11-3 
VDE 0471-11-3 
2014-10

Fire hazard test - Part 11-3: Test flames - 500 - W flame - Apparatus and approval test methods

DIN EN 60695-11-4 
VDE 0471-11-4 
2013-05

Fire hazard test - Part 11-4: Test flames - 50 W flame - Apparatus and approval test method

DIN EN 60695-11-5 
VDE 0471-11-5 
2005-11

Fire hazard test - Part 11-5: Test flames - Needle flame test method - Apparatus, confirmatory test arrangement and guidance

DIN EN 60695-11-10 
VDE 0471-11-10 
2014-10

Fire hazard test - Part 11-10: Test flames - 50 W horizontal and vertical flame test methods

DIN EN 60695-11-20 
VDE 0471-11-20 
2016-04

Fire hazard test - Part 11-20: Test flames - 500 W flame test methods

DIN EN ISO 9773 
2004-02

Plastics - Determination of combustion behavior of thin flexible vertical specimens in contact with a small flame ignition source

ISO 9772 
2012-09

Cellular plastics - Determination of horizontal combustion properties of small samples exposed to a small flame

Fire Test of Upholstered Furniture of Mattresses

EN-597 1 
2016-03

Furniture - Beds and upholstered 
evaluation of the flammability of bed bases 
Part 1: Burning cigarette for ignition source

EN-597 2 
2016-03

Furniture - Beds and upholstered 
evaluation of the flammability of bed bases 
Section 2: Ignition Source: Match Flame Equivalent

DIN EN ISO 
12952-1 2011-01

Textiles - Assessment of flammability of bedding materials - 
Part 1: Ignition source for burning cigarettes

DIN EN ISO 12952-2 
2011-01

Textiles - Assessment of flammability of bedding materials - 
Section 2: Ignition source: matching flame equivalent

EN-1021 1 
2014-10

Furniture - assessment of flammability of upholstered furniture - Part 1 
Ignition source for burning cigarette

EN-1021 2 
2014-10

Furniture - Assessment of flammability of upholstered furniture - Part 2: Flame equivalent to ignition source mapping

Fire Resistance Test in Motor Vehicles

DIN 75200 
1980-09

Determination of combustion behavior of internal materials in motor vehicles

ISO 3795 
1989-10

Road vehicles, tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry - Determination of combustion behavior of indoor materials

FMVSS 302 
2013-10

Standard No. 302; Internal material flammability

RL 
95/28 / EC * 1995-10

Council Directive 95 / 28 / EC of 24 / October 1995 of the European Parliament on the combustion behavior of materials used in the construction of interior spaces of certain motor vehicles 
Annex IV: Testing to determine the horizontal combustion rate of materials 
Annex V: Test to determine the melting behavior of materials 
Annex VI: Test to determine the vertical burning rate of materials

ECE R 118 * 
2015-04

Combustion behavior of materials used in the construction of certain categories of motor vehicles 
Annex 6 - Horizontal combustion rate of materials 
Annex 7 - Determination of the melting behavior of materials 
Tests to determine Annex 8 - Tests to determine the vertical burning rate of materials

Fire Resistance Test of Materials on Ships

IMO 2010 FTP Code Appendix 1 Section 1 
IMO Resolution MSC.307 (88) 
2010-12

Flammability test

IMO 2010 FTP Code Appendix 1 Section 2 
IMO Resolution MSC.307 (88) 
2010-12

Smoke and Toxicity Test

IMO 2010 FTP Code Appendix 1 Section 5 
IMO Resolution MSC.307 (88) 
2010-12

Surface Flammability 
Test (Test for surface materials and main deck coverings)

IMO 2010 FTP Code Appendix 1 Section 7 
IMO Resolution MSC.307 (88) 
2010-12

Test for vertically supported textiles and films 
Excluding additional 3 - Cleaning and decomposition procedures

IMO 2010 FTP Code Appendix 1 Section 8 
IMO Resolution MSC.307 (88) 
2010-12

Test for upholstered furniture

IMO 2010 FTP Code Appendix 1 Section 9 
IMO Resolution MSC.307 (88) 
2010-12

Test for bearing components 
Excluding cleaning and decomposition procedures according to Article 6.1, 6.2 and 6.3

IMO 2010 FTP Code Appendix 1 
Section 10, Appendix 2 
IMO Resolution MSC.307 (88) 
2010-12

Furniture and 
Fire Test Procedures for Heat Dissipation, Smoke Emission and Mass Loss Rate for Materials Used for other High Speed ​​Craft Components

DIN EN ISO 1716 
2010-11

Reaction to fire tests for products - Determination of gross heat of combustion (calorific value)

Construction and Building Materials Fire Resistance Tests

EN-13501 1 
2010-01

Fire classification of building materials and building elements - Part 1: Classification of data from reaction reaction tests

DIN-4102 1 
1998-05

Fire behavior of building materials and building components - Part 1: Building materials; concepts, requirements and tests

DIN-4102 14 
1990-05

Fire behavior of building materials and elements; Determining the burning behavior of floor covering systems using a radiant heat source

DIN EN ISO 9239-1 
2010-11

Reaction to fire tests for floors - Part 1: Determination of combustion behavior using radiant heat source

DIN EN ISO 1182 
2010-10

Fire test reactions for products - Flammability test

DIN EN ISO 1716 
2010-11

Reaction to fire tests for products - Determination of gross heat of combustion (calorific value)

DIN EN ISO 
11925-2 2011-02

Reaction to fire tests - Flammability of products directly exposed to flame - Part 2: Single flame welding test