GMO-GMO Analysis

GMO-GMO Analysis

GMO stands for Genetically Modified Organism and stands for Genetically Modified Organism (GMO).

In traditional plant production, the cross-species crossing method has already been used for long-term use of new plant species with superior characteristics. However, nowadays, in the laboratory environment, genetic characteristics of the plants are played and different sources are transferred to the ends of the gene. The aim of these studies is to bring different properties to the plant without affecting the normal development of the plant.

The first genetic fluctuations were made in a tomato species. With this study, the growth of an enzyme which causes softening of the fruit was stopped. In this way, these tomatoes are not gathered without maturing to prolong their shelf life and are expected to mature in the field to develop aromas.

Today, by changing the genetics of the plants, plants are given herbicide resistance and resistance to certain pests, or the amount of vitamin A in the plant is increased, for example. Other genetically modified plant species include soy, corn, cotton, rice, papaya, potato, sugar beet and flaxseed.

In the European Union countries and the United States, there are some differences regarding the legal regulations. However, their common point is that only the use of approved GMOs is allowed. In the countries of the European Union, if the GMO content rises above 0,9, it is mandatory to label these foodstuffs. In America, there is no such labeling requirement.

There are two basic methods in GMO analysis:

·         Searching for a GMO-specific protein by ELISA technique

·         Molecular biology techniques

Only one type of protein is detected in the ELISA technique and many analyzes are required for an effective screening. Molecular biology techniques have a wider screening area and are more widely used.

Our organization, UAF From the Accreditation Agency, Based on the accreditation authority obtained in accordance with TS EN ISO / IEC 17025 standard, it performs GMO-GMO analyzes within the scope of food analysis in line with the needs of the enterprises.