Flammability Tests

Flammability Tests

In the production of textile materials, all mechanical and chemical processes applied after finishing processes are called finishing processes or finishing processes. For example, after finishing processes, the appearance and the attitude of the product are changed and the product is improved. However, not all of these finishing processes made by mechanical or chemical methods apply to every product. There are some criteria to be considered in the application of finishing processes. The main criteria are the form of the textile material, its intended use, the type of fiber and its fineness and thickness. Static electrification occurs in fabrics woven with synthetic fibers, but not in fabrics woven with natural fibers. As such, finishing processes that prevent static electricity are only carried out for fabrics made of synthetic fibers. In addition, some finishing processes can be applied to all kinds of fibers, while some finishing processes are applied depending on the fiber type.

In this context, flame-retardant finishing operations, or flame-retardant finishing operations, are carried out to determine the degree of non-flammability of fabrics against any combustion condition. During this process, the finishing agent is applied to the fabric surface. Fireproofing is generally applied to military and firefighter clothing, upholstery, textile products used in public areas, baby clothes and beds.

Fireproofing is generally carried out for the following purposes:

  • To ensure that textile materials are resistant to flames
  • Reducing the combustion rate
  • Ensuring that the combustion stops spontaneously after a very short time when the source of fire is removed

Generally, two methods are used to make textile products flammable. The first method is to use certain fibers which are non-flammable and show non-flammable properties in the weaving of the fabric. The second method is to apply non-flammable finish. The chemicals used in fireproof finishing processes form a protective layer to prevent oxygen from entering the fiber and prevent the fiber from burning inside. In this case, only one carbonization occurs. Or the applied chemicals release non-combustible gases.

Our organization, UAF From the Accreditation Agency, It conducts non-flammability tests within the scope of textile analyzes based on its accreditation authority in accordance with TS EN ISO / IEC 17025 standard.